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The One-octave Major Scales
The 'All-Black' Scales



This series of four pages presents a practice drill for the twelve major scales, two hands over one octave.

The twelve keys/scales are divided on these pages as follows:

  • '2H/SFG1': C and sharp keys to E (RH SFG1 + LH SFG2)
  • '2H/SFG2': Flat keys B flat to D flat (RH SFG3 + LH SFG4)
  • '2H/SFG3': D flat, G flat (enh. F#) and B (enh. C flat) - the 'All-Blacks' (both hands SFG5)
  • '2H/SFG4': Odd Men Out F (RH SFG3 + LH SFG2) and B (RH SFG1 + LH SFG5)

This page contains the 'All-Black' 2H/SFG3 scales - B major, F sharp major (enh. G flat ) and D flat major.

Here is the original Scale Fingering Group diagram for reference.

The One-octave
Major Scales

2H/SFG1
(C to E)

2H/SFG2
(Bb to Db)

2H/SFG3
(F and B)

2H/SFG4
(B, Db, F#)

The 'All-Black' scales

The three 2H/SFG4 scales  - B major, F sharp major (enharmonic G flat) and D flat major - use all the black keys.

  • Both hands play the group of two black keys with fingers 2 and 3;
  • Both hands play the group of three black keys with fingers 2, 3 and 4.

These three keys each use a different pair of the available four white keys, according to these diagrams.

The B major scale uses white keys B and E.

*The B major scale right hand is also a Group One scale - a group of three and a group of five.

*B major also appears in 2H/SFG3 with F major because of its LH 4+4  fingering.

The G flat major scale uses white keys C flat and F.

*The LH2 on the top G flat is a 'convenience' finger (in place of LH4).

Written as F sharp major, the white keys are B and E sharp.

The D flat major scale uses white keys C and F.

*D flat major left hand is also an SFG4 scale.

*The LH2 on the top D flat is a 'convenience' finger (in place of LH3).

B major

B major. Five sharps: F sharp, C sharp, G sharp, D sharp and A sharp.

  • A Group 5 scale (both hands); finger 2 & 3 on the group of two black keys, 2, 3 & 4 on the group of three black keys.
  • White keys: B and E.

Work up to a reliable performance by following the video below.

F sharp major

F sharp major. Six sharps: F sharp, C sharp, G sharp, D sharp, A sharp and E sharp.

  • A Group 5 scale (both hands); finger 2 & 3 on the group of two black keys, 2, 3 & 4 on the group of three black keys.
  • White keys: B and E sharp

Work up to a reliable performance by following the video below.

The same notes can also be indicated as G flat major.

The white keys will in that case be referred to as C flat and F (natural).

Now revise all your one-octave major scales!

D flat major

D flat major. Five flats: B flat, E flat, A flat, D flat and G flat and C flat.

  • A Group 5 scale (both hands); fingers 2 & 3 on the group of two black keys, 2, 3 & 4 on the group of three black keys.
  • White keys: C and F

Work up to a reliable performance by following the video below.

That covers all twelve one-octave major scales. A regular pass through all twelve scales using this practice routine - and reminding yourself of the scale fingering 'architecture' - will seal your command of all the keys and familiarize your fingers with the full variety of keyboard 'feels'.

The One-octave
Major Scales

2H/SFG1
(C to E)

2H/SFG2
(Bb to Db)

2H/SFG3
(F and B)

2H/SFG4
(B, Db, F#)


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