Musicarta Pentatonics Workbook
Build-up of Tones

Major pentatonic Build-up of Tones drill - Page One

This exercise is an easy and entertaining way to learn the major pentatonic scale. It will efficiently teach you its unique sound and help you hear what the keys are going to sound like.

The lyrics

There are two 'verses' to the lyrics.

The first verse describes how the melody moves up and down through the tones (the 'contour' lyrics).

The first verse lyrics are:

  "One up, one down, one up, one down,

  Two up and back down, two down and back up,

  Three steps up and back and rest.

  Three steps down and back and rest.

  Four steps up to the sixth and back down,

  Four steps down to the second and back up,

  Three steps up and back and rest.

  Three steps down and back and rest.

  Two up and back down, two down and back up,

  Two up and back down, two down and back up,

  One up, one down, one up and rest.

  One up, one down, one up and finish.

The second verse names the tones in pentatonic shorthand (T, 2, 3, 5, 6) as you play them.

How the scales are arranged

There are eleven scales all together. (Musicarta has set aside the all-black-key G flat major pentatonic as too awkward to play and of little practical use.)

This first page has the practice drills for the three all-white-key major pentatonic scales - C, F, and G - plus the one-black-key D and B flat pentatonic scales.

(Major pentatonic scales always have one fewer black keys than major scales proper because the seventh and fourth tones of the full major scale - which always have an accidental in the sharp and flat keys respectively - are missed in the pentatonic scale.

The number of black keys in the major pentatonic scale is shown in brackets under the key name in the video.

You play the drill with two hands, thumbs on the tonic.

Copy the first drill, in C.

No black keys - C, F and G

As you can hear (!), it doesn't matter whether you can sing well or even in tune. You could even recite or rap the lyrics. It's just involving you in the pitch contour and getting to know the sound.

Because F and G pentatonic major also have no black keys, the look-and-feel of the next two drills is exactly the same - just starting from a different place.

The one-black-key scales - D and B flat

The drill in D uses the second verse lyrics - you sing the name of the pentatonic scale-tones as you play them. Over time, this will teach you to accurately judge 'intervals' - leaps in pitch of various sizes.

You might find it strange using the thumbs on B flat in the following drill. Move your hands well up to the back of the keys and don't be shy of playing e.g. the D in the right hand right up between the black keys - there IS enough room for your fingers!

Before you go on the Page Two, go back and sing the Verse Two scale-tone name lyrics for C, F, G and B flat. The scale-tones on the virtual keyboard are labelled to help you.

The rest of the major pentatonic drills are on Page Two of the module.

Thanks for studying with Musicarta
- Come back soon! -


video course
Practice Patterns
Melody Work and
Playing by Ear
Pentatonic Riffs
and Diaries -
Minor Pentatonic
Major Pentatonic
Chromatic Minor
Chromatic Major
Pre-video Pages
Pentatonics videos

Archive Pages

All the Musicarta
YouTube playlists
Canon Project
Key Chords
Easy Piano
Blues & 12-bar
Beat & Rhythm
Chords for Carl
Basic Music-
making Position
Enya Solos
Technical Exercises
Triads and Inversions